Looked-after children in England are disadvantaged across the
board, according to the first national statistics covering their
educational qualifications, employment at age 16, health, and
cautions and convictions.
The government figures show that 47 per cent in the appropriate
age group achieved level two at key stage 1, compared with 82 per
cent of all children. And 36 per cent attained level four at key
stage 2 compared with 76 per cent of all children. Meanwhile, just
19 per cent reached level five at key stage 3 compared with 62 per
cent of others.
At the end of year 11, just over 50 per cent of looked-after
children stayed on in education compared with 71 per cent of all
16-year-olds. One-quarter were unemployed by the September after
The rate of looked-after children aged 10 and over who were
cautioned or convicted of an offence was 11 per cent, three times
the rate of all children in that age group.
The figures come from new data covering all children and young
people in England who had been looked after continuously for at
least one year at 30 September 2000. They were previously not
Rob Hutchinson, Association of Directors of Social Services
children and families committee chairperson, told Community
Care: “These figures support the fact that performance
assessment framework indicators on education of looked-after
children and offending rates are correctly identifying areas of
“Our aspirations for looked-after children must be as high as
for all other children. But we have to be realistic in realising,
for example, that many children are in care or looked after because
of their offending or poor school attendance and it takes time to
turn that situation around,” he said.