“Glass slipper” recruitment: how social work employers fit the specification to the person

    Former director Blair McPherson on job specifications, not being "the right fit" and how employers make sure they hire their preferred candidate

    glass slipper
    'If the shoe fits' Photo: flickr

    By Blair McPherson

    Cinderella had very small feet. This fact is rarely mentioned in the telling of the story but it is the only logical explanation. If her feet were of average size then the glass slippers would have fitted most young women who tried them on.

    Of course it could be that Prince Charming knew all along who his attractive and mysterious dance partner was. The “who so ever these slippers fit I shall marry” proclamation would be a lot less risky if the feet were exceptionally dainty and he knew who they belonged to. It’s much the same with recruitment.

    If you have three internal candidates for the newly created post in the latest restructuring, what better way of ensuring you get Cinderella, and not one of her equally well qualified but less attractive sisters, than by putting the shoe size into the person specification.

    Strictly speaking it’s hard to argue a case that the right size feet are an essential requirement – being a good dancer would be easier to justify – but then again this might open it up to the other two.

    It is not just internal appointments where this sort of adjusting of the person specification to fit the preferred candidate goes on. I can’t be the only person to have been told in feedback that I did a good interview but the other person was a “better fit”. Sometimes that better fit may be in terms of gender or race, which of course could never be explicitly stated, or simply mean: “we like the one we know but HR made us advertise the post”.

    From the point of view of the candidate, if you get an interview then you’re in with a chance. As an experienced interviewer I know how many times someone who looks good on paper is a disappointment in the interview, and on many occasions I have witnessed the favored candidate be put into the shade by someone who can offer something different.

    All this reinforces the importance of ensuring the person specification does not contain unnecessary “glass slipper” requirements as essential criteria for interview. Managers may draw up the person specification, but best practice involves a robust review of the essential requirements by HR. This reduces the risk, but is no guarantee.

    I have heard of the case of one employee who claimed she had been deliberately excluded from applying for a post by a manager introducing an essential requirement into the person specification at the last moment. The additional requirement was supervisory experience, even though this was a first line manager post so would not normally require previous management experience.

    The manager had successfully argued with HR that this post was an exception as it was  a new role and a pilot which, if successful, would be rolled out across the department. In recognition of this he was proposing to offer the successful candidate a starting salary at the mid-band point. All of which sounded very plausible until you took into account the fact that the employee was black and that the person specification was changed after the manager got wind she was intending to apply.

    If the shoe fits!

    Blair McPherson is a former local authority director and author of An Elephant in the Room – a book about equality and diversity in the public sector www.blairmcpherson.co.uk

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