Break Free

    Speaking recently to an audience gathered for the launch of the
    Family Well-Being Break model for group holidays, Janet Reed*
    admitted that two years ago she would never have had the confidence
    to do this. Back in 2002, Reed, was a 34-year-old single mum with a
    long history of depression, going through a “horrible divorce”. She
    was surviving on benefits and living in bad housing in Southwark
    with no outdoor space. So she was taken aback when her Home-Start
    volunteer put her name forward for the first Family Breaks
    holiday.(1)

    She and her two-year-old daughter spent six days in the Dorset
    countryside with 12 families from similar circumstances, her first
    holiday in five years. The break provided an opportunity to rest,
    reflect and try out new experiences, supported by a team of
    professional facilitators, crche workers, therapists and
    counsellors, while having fun. Reed sees it as a turning point in
    her life.

    the forum that Reed addressed earlier this year marked the
    conclusion of the two-year Family Breaks pilot project, supported
    by a £180,000 grant from the Community Fund. The award was
    made to the Family Holiday Association, a national charity
    dedicated to helping disadvantaged children and their families have
    holidays. For the pilot project, FHA worked in partnership with
    holiday provider Veritas with referrals coming from nine Home-Start
    projects in London and south east England, and Greenwich Women’s
    Aid. The goal of the project was to contribute to preventing the
    social exclusion of families. More specifically, the programme
    aimed to: strengthen the ability of families to cope with their
    difficulties; strengthen their capacity to contribute to their
    community; and develop a model of holiday provision to families
    under stress that can be replicated in other areas of the UK.

    Up to one-third of British families have no annual holiday.(2)
    So this concept of a “holistic” holiday takes the notion of a
    family holiday one step further, adding an intensive level of
    support, placing it firmly within the remit of the social care
    agenda. It offers an innovative way of supporting vulnerable
    families. Researchers from the Thomas Coram Research Unit at the
    Institute of Education were appointed to evaluate the pilot
    project, to explore how the process worked and identify the
    benefits families and children derived from it.(3)

    In the pilot project, 122 families participated in 11 Family
    Breaks holidays. Home-Start was selected as the referral agent
    because of its ability to provide continuity of support before and
    after the holiday. Greenwich Women’s Aid was included to test how
    the programme worked with families with various problems.

    Families on low income or benefits who had not had a recent
    family holiday, with at least one child aged over three, were
    eligible. Referrals were directed to families living in stressful
    circumstances, or with multiple difficulties in their lives, such
    as disability, single parenthood, bereavement, or poor housing.
    Given the nature of the holiday, referrers sought families who
    might be open to new experiences, who were willing to accept
    guidance from the holiday team, and were happy to spend time away
    with other families.

    Visiting a Family Breaks holiday, one is immediately struck by
    the cohesiveness of the group. Staff, parents and children help
    each other like one enormous family. There is a lot of noise and
    laughter, and on occasions crying.

    The day starts with a group meeting, accompanied by drumming and
    singing, after which everyone disperses to their chosen activities.
    There is a crche for the younger children, and a programme of
    creative pursuits for older children. On recent holidays, one of
    the most popular exercises was to devise a show to perform for the
    elderly residents of a nearby nursing home.

    Parents are free to choose their own programme from several
    options, including massage, reflexology, art and music,
    counselling, group work and parenting skills workshops. If they
    prefer, they can simply relax or talk.

    Taking such vulnerable families away is not without risk. It
    requires a high level of skill on the staff’s part. That the
    families so quickly feel able to trust the professional staff, and
    gain confidence to try out new things is a tribute to the Veritas
    team.

    Families were very satisfied with the holiday, and many
    experienced longer term positive outcomes. Some of the key benefits
    identified were:

    • The ability to manage stress.
    • Improved parenting skills and relationships within the
      family.
    • Increased self-esteem and confidence.
    • Encouragement of healthy living styles to promote
      well-being.
    • Stronger sense of community, enabling participants to build
      supportive relationships back home.

    Families thoroughly enjoyed many of the activities and therapies
    on offer during the holiday, even though at the outset many thought
    some were a bit “weird”. Many families wanted to continue with them
    when they returned home, but opportunities to do so are
    limited.

    Reed took a loan to finance a course in relaxation techniques.
    For the first time since her teens, Reed has weaned herself off
    medication, and though she still has “bad moments” feels in
    control. She volunteers at her daughter’s nursery school, and works
    as a part-time gardener, an interest which developed out of her
    introduction to herbalism on the holiday.

    Teaching parents (and children) skills such as massage to
    practice on each other has helped some families continue the
    experience. There is potential to extend such activities outside
    the holiday setting. Baby massage is already offered by some Sure
    Start projects, and is supported by the government as a “promising
    intervention.”(4)  Schemes such as Home-Start or Sure Start could
    include similar therapies for adults within their programmes at a
    reasonably modest cost, relative to the cost of health service
    treatment or social services support. Evidence from Family Breaks
    suggests that this could prove to be very beneficial for families
    suffering from stress.

    Perhaps the most challenging part of the pilot project has been
    filling the available spaces with families whose needs warrant the
    added support. Reed is unequivocal in her view that she could not
    have coped with a conventional holiday two years ago because she
    was so vulnerable. She also says that when she went home, nothing
    had changed. As she says: “Six days is quite short to shrug off
    years of problems. I realised I would not sort it all out in six
    months or in a year, but I made a mental list of what I had to do
    to change my situation, and it is all now in place.”

    Holidays as part of social care provision in the UK have tended
    to be reserved for individuals with specific needs, such as
    disabled or older people, rather than for families on low incomes.
    Even if conventional holidays were accepted as part of a social
    care policy, an argument must still be made to justify the added
    cost of a supported holiday.

    FHA would like this type of holiday to be available for low
    income families as one of a range of options, offered according to
    need. Drawing on the experience of the pilot project, FHA has now
    developed the Family Well-Being Break model for similar group
    holiday partnerships. It has prepared an information sheet
    outlining the requisites for setting up a programme, and offers
    support to groups aiming to replicate the model.

    * Not her real name.

    Valerie Wigfall is a research officer at the Thomas Coram
    Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London. She
    specialises in research into families and children, and is
    currently working on Department of Health-funded projects looking
    at fostering in Europe and services for young people leaving
    care.

    ABSTRACT:

    This article looks at the concept of supported holidays for
    families in need. It draws on the findings of an evaluation of the
    Family Breaks pilot project for the Family Holiday Association, a
    national charity. The research found families were positive about
    the holiday experience. Many derived long-term benefits from the
    holiday in their ability to cope with difficulties and take control
    of their lives, helping them work toward positive change.

    REFERENCES:

    1. Home-Start is a charity supporting families with young
      children.
    2. N Hazel, Holidays for Families in Need: The Research and Policy
      Context, Policy Research Bureau, 2003. Available from info@fhaonline.org.uk
    3.  V Wigfall, Turning Lives Around: Evaluation Report of Family
      Breaks Pilot Project for Family Holiday Association, FHA, 2004
    4. DfES, Support from the Start, Research Report 524, 2004.
      Available from www.dfes.gov.uk/research/data/uploadfiles/RR524.pdf

    FURTHER INFORMATION:

    CONTACT THE AUTHOR:

    Email: v.wigfall@ioe.ac.uk  or phone
    020 7612 6815

     

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