Rod Landman is project officer for the Association for Real Change and project manager of ARC’s Safety Net project into mate crime. He has written a Community Care Inform Adults’ guide to mate crime against adults with learning disabilities. Below is a condensed version of some of the advice and information from Landman’s guide. Inform subscribers can read the in-depth article here.
Mate crime is a form of abuse and exploitation that services and professionals have been largely unaware of until relatively recently. But it can affect many people within communities, particularly people with learning disabilities, mental health issues or substance abuse issues, and older people. And it can be extreme; as it was for Steven Hoskin, a man with learning disabilities who in 2006 was murdered in Cornwall by a group of people he thought were his friends.
What is mate crime?
A tentative definition, based on the experience of the Safety Net project, is: Mate crime happens when someone ‘makes friends’ with a person and goes on to abuse or exploit that relationship. The founding intention of the relationship, from the point of view of the perpetrator, is likely to be criminal. The relationship is likely to be of some duration and, if unchecked, may lead to a pattern of repeat and worsening abuse.
Learning disability and mate crime
People with learning disabilities may be situationally vulnerable to mate crimes. They may be living very isolated lives, but – like everyone – need friends. This need is easily exploited. In addition, many people with learning disabilities haven’t had the usual opportunities to become ‘streetwise’ when growing up. Incidents can therefore be more likely to take place when they are in the community, on public transport or using services without support.
Features of mate crime
Mate crimes are likely to happen in private, often in the victim’s own accommodation. They can also happen via social media, where victims are financially or sexually exploited after being befriended online.
Mate crimes often occur within long-term relationships, which may have started out as genuine friendships. They can appear to be real friendships to many observers. Social workers can be so delighted that a person with learning disabilities has a “friend” that they don’t question the relationship any further.
Identifying mate crime
Indicators of mate crime can be similar to other forms of abuse. Potential signs include:
- Bills not being paid, a sudden lack of money, losing possessions, suddenly changing their will
- Changes in routine, behaviour, appearance, finances or household (new people visiting or staying over, lots of new ‘friends’, lots more noise or rubbish than normal).
- Cutting themselves off from established networks of friends/family and support, missing weekly activities.
- Secretive internet or mobile phone use.
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